About the Museum

The London of 200 years ago was a compact city where most people got around on foot. Streets were often crowded with pedestrians, with only a wealthy few able to travel by horse. The River Thames provided a faster way of getting around. Watermen carried people in small rowing boats called wherries. These were eventually displaced by paddle steamers which, by the 1850s, were carrying several million passengers a year. In years following 1900, public road transport ceased to use horse power. By 1915 there were no horse-buses or trams in London. At a time when only the very rich owned motor-cars, motor buses and electric trams were almost universally used. The first electric tram opened in 1901 in Shepherds Bush. By 1914 trams were running down nearly every high street in London, carrying 800 million passengers annually. However, from 1931 trolleybuses began to replace trams. In the 1920s buses were the most popular mode of transport in London. By 1930 Londoners were making 1, 958 million bus journeys annually, more than double than in 1921.



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Get in touch

Use the information below to get in touch with the museum before setting off.


The London Transport Museum Office

  • Address: Covent Garden, Piazza, London
  • Postcode: WC2E 7BB
  • Phone: 020 7379 6344
  • URL: www.ltmuseum.co.uk

Business Hours

  • Saturday to Thursday 10.00 to 18.00 (last admission 17.15) Friday 11.00 to 21.00 (last admission 20.15).

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